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Vascular effects of continuous hyperbaric oxygen exposure: experimental outlook

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
2 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Alaaddin Keykubat University, Antalya, Turkey
3 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Alanya Research and Education Hospital, Antalya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Oguz Karahan,
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical School of Alaaddin Keykubat University, Antalya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2045-9912.345175

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment aims to restore tissue oxygenation by inhaling 100% oxygen in pressure rooms. Although beneficial effects have been reported with regard to re-oxygenated ischemic tissues, conflicting findings have been presented concerning the paradoxical tissue response following reperfusion and/or the different responses of non-ischemic normal tissues to increased oxygen exposure. The present study sought to experimentally investigate the impact of continuous HBO treatments on normal aortic tissue. New Zealand rabbits were placed in pressure rooms for 90 minutes per day under 2.5 atmospheric pressure and exposed to HBO for 28 days. Normal structural histology was obtained in the control group. Foam cells were detected in the aortic intimae, thickening and undulation were visualized in the endothelium, and localized separations were observed in the tunica media in the study group compared with the control group. Moreover, salient vasa vasorum was detected in the study group via histopathology. These findings suggest that continuous HBO exposures disrupt the normal vascular structure of a healthy aorta.

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