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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 137-140

Prospective randomized double-blind study to evaluate propofol and combination of propofol and sevoflurane as maintenance agents in reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting in female patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery


Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care, Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India

Correspondence Address:
Teena Bansal
Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care, Pt. B.D. Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2045-9912.337994

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Prevention and management of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a fundamental part of anesthesia. Using sevoflurane and propofol in combination for maintenance of anesthesia has been found to reduce PONV compared to sevoflurane alone. However, there are limited studies comparing propofol with a combination of propofol and sevoflurane for the incidence of PONV after laparoscopic surgery. The prospective, randomized, double-blind study was planned to compare propofol and combination of propofol and sevoflurane as maintenance agents for the incidence of PONV. Seventy female patients of 18–60 years, of American Society of Anesthesiologists I or II, undergoing laparoscopic surgery were included. Propofol group (n = 35) included induction with propofol and maintenance with propofol infusion, and propofol + sevoflurane group (n = 35) included induction with propofol and maintenance with a combination of propofol infusion and sevoflurane inhalation. The objectives were to find the incidence of PONV and requirement of rescue antiemetic. In the propofol group, 11 patients (33%) experienced PONV and in the propofol + sevoflurane group, PONV was experienced by 12 patients (38.7%) [0.65]. In the propofol group, 11 patients required ondansetron and out of these 11 patients, 2 patients required metoclopramide. In the propofol + sevoflurane group, Ondansetron was required by 12 patients and 3 patients out of these 12 patients required metoclopramide. In the present study, the incidence of PONV was found to be similar in both groups. So, it can be suggested to add sevoflurane in smaller doses to infusion of propofol for maintenance of anesthesia.


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