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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 72

COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level: is there any association?


1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, India

Date of Submission20-Sep-2020
Date of Decision07-Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance23-Oct-2020
Date of Web Publication19-Oct-2021

Correspondence Address:
Beuy Joob
Medical Academic Center, Bangkok
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2045-9912.326005

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How to cite this article:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level: is there any association?. Med Gas Res 2022;12:72

How to cite this URL:
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level: is there any association?. Med Gas Res [serial online] 2022 [cited 2021 Dec 8];12:72. Available from: https://www.medgasres.com/text.asp?2022/12/2/72/326005



Dear Editor,

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new coronavirus respiratory infection. This new emerging infection disease has already caused more than 30,000,000 infected cases worldwide since its first appearance in late 2019. The effect of underlying metrological background on the incidence of the COVID-19 is an interesting issue but little is known on this issue.[1] In fact, the effect of environmental gas on the respiratory infection is an important issue in public health.[2] Focusing on local environmental gas in atmosphere, the association with local COVID-19 incidence has never been assessed.

We analyzed the data to assess the relationship between COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level in a tropical country which is the second country of the world getting affected by the new emerging COVID-19. The primary data on incidence of COVID-19 was derived from local Public Health Ministry and the primary data of local ozone was derived from Department of Pollution Control of Thailand. The studied area in the present study is the area covering 13 provinces (Payao, Phare, Uttaradit, Pitsanuloke, Pichit, Nongbualumpu, Chaiyaphum, Mahasarakham, Roiet, Yasothorn, Sakonnakorn, Beungkarn and Kalaasin) in rural northern and northeastern region areas of Thailand which is not a destination for international tourists. In the present study, only data on non-local transmission COVID-19 cases were used for further analysis. The data were collected between March and June 2020, when the COVID-19 outbreak started in the studied area following its first appearance in China. According to the study, the scatterplot shows the relationship between COVID-19 incidence and ozone level [Figure 1]. There was no significant correlation (r = 0.076, P = 0.805) between COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level in the studied area.
Figure 1: Relationship between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) incidence and local ozone level.
Note: From Pearson’s correlation analysis, there was no significant correlation between COVID-19 incidence and local ozone level (r = 0.076, P = 0.805).


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The association between ozone and COVID-19 is still poorly understood. The positive effect of ozone therapy on the COVID-19 infection has been reported.[3] The cytoprotection of ozone may attribute to the therapeutic effect of ozone on COVID-19 infection.[3],[4] In the present report, we assessed the interrelationship between environmental ozone level and COVID-19 incidence. Interestingly, there was no association between them. In some areas with high ozone level still have high incidence (number) of COVID-19 cases. This might not support that environmental ozone background can have protective effect against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. This preliminary observation may provide evidence for further investigations on this issue.

Copyright license agreement: The Copyright License Agreement has been signed by both authors before publication.

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Peer review: Externally peer reviewed.

Open access statement: This is an open access journal, and articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.



 
  References Top

1.
Bashir MF, Ma B, Bilal, et al. Correlation between climate indicators and COVID-19 pandemic in New York, USA. Sci Total Environ. 2020;728:138835.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Domingo JL, Rovira J. Effects of air pollutants on the transmission and severity of respiratory viral infections. Environ Res. 2020;187:109650.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Martínez-Sánchez G, Schwartz A, Donna VD. Potential cytoprotective activity of ozone therapy in SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19. Antioxidants (Basel). 2020;9:389.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Valdenassi L, Franzini M, Ricevuti G, Rinaldi L, Galoforo AC, Tirelli U. Potential mechanisms by which the oxygen-ozone (O2-O3) therapy could contribute to the treatment against the coronavirus COVID-19. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2020;24:4059-4061.  Back to cited text no. 4
    


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